Assessing the Effects of Climate Change on the Aquatic Ecosystem
Keywords:İklim Değişikliği, Su, Sürdürebilirlik
Water is the most important resource for the sustainability of life and the continuation of the life cycle. In this study, it is aimed to reveal the
effects of climate change on aquatic ecosystems, minimal living studies to protect water, smart cities, water sustainability, water conservation,
conservation and renewal of energy resources, and water footprint, which has become more popular recently. In this context, environmental, biological, ecological and water quality parameters of aquatic ecosystems were evaluated in the light of scientific data related to global warming.
In the seas of Turkey, changes in sea water temperature and water parameters have occurred as a result of climate changes due to global warming. Increases in the waters of some regions and increases in natural disasters have been observed. In some regions, the effects of withdrawal,
extinction and drought are observed in the waters, and accordingly, there are mass deaths and species that are in danger of extinction in the aquatic ecosystems. Due to the change in precipitation, surface, underground resources and drinking water are also adversely affected. Apart from all these, the increase in drought due to errors and ignorance in agricultural irrigation also increases the drought in the unconscious use of water in living areas and business areas. It is to reduce domestic water consumption in order to protect potable water resources, to take steps to reuse domestic wastewater treated and to reuse water used in homes, to benefit from developing technology. In fact, it is necessary to make use of smart home systems in homes by creating rainwater collection areas. To reduce water consumption in agriculture; It is important not to use or even abandon wild irrigation, to expand drip irrigation systems, to develop necessary administrative decisions about water sustainability and policy, and to make necessary laws and regulations. Ensuring energy efficiency by establishing smart cities, recycling systems and systems that produce their own energy and water, and being able to follow and implement technological developments in this regard are very important steps in terms of protecting and sustaining our water resources.