Climate and Health Journal <p>Climate and Health Journal is an international, peer reviewed and open-access scientific publication for the academical papers on the fields of climate, climate change and health to be published.</p> <p>Climate and Health journal aims to bring together the studies conducted, and the evidences and experiences gathered on the field of climate and health by researchers expert in their fields. Climate and Health Journal is an internationally peer-reviewed journal that aims to serve as an effective tool for the academicians and researchers working on the fields of climate, climate change, environment and other related fields, and researchers expert in their fields within non-governmental organisations (NGOs), public sector organisations and international organisations to share their scientific assessments, research findings and analyses.</p> <p>There is no scientific periodical publication that handles the topics that intersectoral from the fields of climate and health in an inter-disciplinary and inter-sectoral approach in Turkey. The scientific projections for the future and the COVID-19 pandemic we are experiencing right now reveal that the processes impacting public health based on climate change are on the rise, and point out the need for strengthening the cooperation among different disciplines within the field of climate and health. In this direction, it is crucial that these two disciplines are handled together.</p> <p> </p> Alban Tanıtım en-US Climate and Health Journal A Concept in the Mental Health Services According to Ecological Theory: Therapeutic Environment <p>In recent years, there have been very rapid changes in environmental and social dimensions. All these changes can leave many effects on mental health. The preservation of mental health and&nbsp; to remain in a certain balance depend on many different variables. In this context, mental health cannot be considered independent of the environment. In this article, the concept of therapeutic environment in nursing is discussed. In addition to this, according to ecological theory, the importance of the relationship between environment and mental health will be emphasized and how the environmental awareness will be improved with a holistic view. Mental health nursing is an important area not only for the individuals who are mentally ill, but also for the maintenance of the mental health of the individual and the community. Human in mental health concept, should be considered in the biopsychosocial integrity. The concept of environment in mental health nursing, although it is very important in terms of affecting human psychology, it has been considered limited. In mental health nursing, the concepts of environment and therapeutic environment and psychosocial environment are more prominent. However, the ecosystem, in which we live in mental health, has a great influence on all elements in the environment, such as climate. Changes in the environment and ecosystem can huge impact not only on our biochemical balance but also on our mental health. In this work, the aforementioned concepts are examined in the context of related literature and suggestions have been made to improve the mental dimension of therapeutic environment.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Hatice Öner Copyright (c) 2021 Climate and Health Journal 2021-03-04 2021-03-04 1 1 04 09 Wastewater Epidemiology and Evaluation of Use in Surveillance for COVID-19 <p>Wastewater epidemiology allows social monitoring of exposure to a factor. Researchers are studying whether this method, which is used for such substances (addictive substances, alcohol, DNA / RNA biomarkers, pesticides etc) can be used as an early warning system and detectability of the SARS-CoV-2 virus in wastewater for COVID-19 surveillance. The purpose of this study is to introduce the emergence of the concept of wastewater epidemiology, its application and usage areas, and to discuss its place in COVID-19 surveillance. For this review, the articles obtained by searching in the databases for the keywords "waterbased epidemiology", "sewage epidemiology", "wastewater" and "COVID-19" published after March 11, 2020 were examined. In these articles, features that may be advantageous such as establishing early warning systems, creating regional maps, and following asymptomatic people are emphasized. Wastewater epidemiology is noticeable as it is a different approach as an environmental surveillance method. However, WHO stated that there is not enough evidence yet to recommend this method as a standard approach in COVID-19 surveillance.</p> Pınar Özdemir Deniz Emine Didem Evci Kiraz Copyright (c) 2021 Climate and Health Journal 2021-03-04 2021-03-04 1 1 10 15 Focus on Green for Sustainabilit <p>With globalization, the needs and demands of human beings have increased. Rapid progress in technology and industry has introduced an intensive consumption process, this rapid and unconscious consumption caused the destruction of natural resources and the deterioration of the ecological balance. This ecological damage has not only affected the environment, but has also been a negative return to consumers. Minimizing ecological destruction problems and seeing solutions, the world has focused on basic concepts such as simple growth and growth and development. This OECD countries, in the context of green, green growth indicators, greenhouse gas emissions, according to the source, income related to climate change, intensity of forest resources, the average exposure to fine particles, examining when renewable sources of freshwater abstraction percent and electricity converting the surrounding dragged to share, Turkey, OECD countries comparison has been made. It is aimed to determine where the OECD country is in growth for a development.</p> Tarık Özdemir Cafer TURGUT E.Didem EVCİ KİRAZ Copyright (c) 2021 Climate and Health Journal 2021-03-04 2021-03-04 1 1 16 21 Alternative Uses of Treatment Sludge (Agricultural Areas and Additional Fuel) <p>Domestic and industrial wastewater treatment plants, whose number is increasing day by day, also cause treatment sludge, which constitute<br />environmental problems. In my seminar, the sources of sewage sludge, the content of sewage sludge, stabilization and disposal methods, direct or post-disposal damage to the environment and the usage areas of treatment sludge will be investigated. The majority of sewage sludge is stored on land or disposed of in solid waste storage areas. They must be stabilized so that waste sludges can be reused or discharged into receiving<br />environments. Drying, leaving to rot or burning sewage sludge is only a temporary disposal method. In this context, reuse of treatment sludge<br />should be considered. If we give an example to the recycling applications of wastewater sludge, the use of suitable sludge stabilized as a result of<br />various processes as organic fertilizer or soil conditioner for agricultural purposes, energy recovery in wastewater treatment plants by gasification, alternative fuel and concrete raw material in cement factories can be given as examples. In my seminar, it is deemed necessary to carry out studies to increase the researches in order to develop and disseminate these applications and to develop new applications.</p> Hüseyin AKSAN E. Didem Evci Kiraz Copyright (c) 2021 Climate and Health Journal 2021-03-04 2021-03-04 1 1 22 27 Is the Blockchain a Structure that Shapes the Future of Public Health? An Assessment on COVID-19 <p>This year, the world was introduced to the covid-19 pandemic. COVID-19 has emerged as a major public health problem. It has affected not only health, but also the economy, social life and digital technology. Digital transformation in the world has also accelerated. Blockchain also continues to develop as an important technology. Public health solutions are also evolving in line with the changing world. Here, the uses of blockchain technology in the field of public health are evaluated. Solutions at many different points, such as medical records, supply chains, have been studied. An attempt has been made to demonstrate the contribution that blockchain technology can make to the fight against COVID-19.</p> Murat Eğilmez E. Didem Evci Kiraz Copyright (c) 2021 Climate and Health Journal 2021-03-04 2021-03-04 1 1 28 32